Phase relationship between sea level and abrupt climate change

Sierro, F. J., Andersen, Nils, Bassetti, M. A., Berne, S., Canals, M., Curtis, J. H., Dennielou, B., Flores, J. A., Frigola, J., Gonzalez-Mora, B., Grimalt, J. O., Hodell, D. A., Jouet, G., Perez-Folgado, M. and Schneider, Ralph (2009) Phase relationship between sea level and abrupt climate change Quaternary Science Reviews, 28 (25-26). pp. 2867-2881.

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Abstract

Direct traces of past sea levels are based on the elevation of old coral reefs at times of sea level high-stands. However, these measurements are discontinuous and cannot be easily correlated with climate records from ice cores. In this study we show a new approach to recognizing the imprint of sea level changes in continuous sediment records taken from the continental slope at locations that were continuously submerged, even during periods of sea level lowstand. By using a sediment core precisely synchronized with Greenland ice cores, we were able to recognize major floods of the Mediterranean continental shelf over the past 270 kyr. During the last glacial period five flooding events were observed at the onset of the warmest Greenland interstadials. Consistent correspondence between warm climate episodes and eustatic sea level rises shows that these global flooding events were generated by pronounced melting of the Northern Hemisphere ice sheets, due to rapid intensification of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.The method described in this study opens a new perspective for inter-hemi spheric synchronization of marine climate records if applied in other continental margins from the Southern Hemisphere or the equatorial regions. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: last glacial perioddeep-water temperature postglacial deposits stratigraphic organization dansgaard-oeschger calibration curve age calibration coral terraces north-atlantic rapid changes
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences > Institute of Geosciences
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University > Other > Leibniz-Laboratory for Radiometric Dating and Isotope Research
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0277-3791
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2011 12:16
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 11:32
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/9733

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