Tidal and annual variability of the population structure of Eurytemora affinis in the middle part of the Seine Estuary during 2005

Devreker, David, Souissi, Sami, Molinero, Juan Carlos, Beyrend-Dur, Delphine, Gomez, Fernando and Forget-Leray, Joelle (2010) Tidal and annual variability of the population structure of Eurytemora affinis in the middle part of the Seine Estuary during 2005 Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89 (4). pp. 245-255. DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.07.010.

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Annual variability in abundance and population structure of the copepod Eurytemora affinis was studied in the maximum turbidity zone of the Seine Estuary in 2005. An Eulerian sampling strategy was applied monthly from March to July and from September to December. Chlorophyll a and suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentration, copepod abundance and stage distribution, and phytoplankton abundance were measured in sub-surface and near-bottom water during the ebb phase. Total E. affinis abundance was at a maximum in March and April (>200 × 103 ind. m−3), and decreased from May to September (<25 × 103 ind. m−3). This decrease corresponds to annual increases in temperature, salinity, chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton abundance, which was dominated by large diatoms, and decreases in SPM and river discharge. The phenology observed in 2005 was almost two months earlier compared to previous studies in the 1990s, when E. affinis reached maximum abundance in May and June. The low proportion of nauplii (<50%) in the population and high abundance of ovigerous females suggests that low recruitment is probably related to anomalously low temperatures in late winter (<5 °C). Whatever the horizontal position of the population in the estuary, adult and late copepodid stages are distributed in higher salinity than naupliar stages. Overall E. affinis population abundance was driven by parameters that characterize water masses at the tidal scale and by river discharge and chlorophyll a at the annual scale. By integrating the tidal effect, the high-frequency sampling protocol used appears to be optimal for investigating annual variability of planktonic communities in megatidal estuaries.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Zoology; Ecology; Marine Biology; Eurytemora affinis; population structure; river discharge; seasonality; seine estuary; tidal cycles
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.07.010
ISSN: 0272-7714
Projects: ZOOSEINE, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2010 07:43
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 11:05
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/9223

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