Scale and timing of Rare Earth Element redistribution in the Taconian foreland of New England

Bock, Barbara, Hurowitz, J. A., Mc Lennan, S. M. and Hanson, G.N. (2004) Scale and timing of Rare Earth Element redistribution in the Taconian foreland of New England Sedimentology, 51 (4). pp. 885-897. DOI 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2004.00656.x.

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Abstract

Clastic sedimentary rocks, deposited on eastern North America in response to the Taconian Orogeny, commonly have Sm/Nd isotope relationships indicating substantial isotope disturbance near or subsequent to the time of sedimentation that may be associated with severe depletion in light rare earth elements (LREE). Affected units [Normanskill Formation (Austin Glen and Pawlet Members), Frankfort Formation and Perry Mountain Formation] are widely separated both geographically (western New York to western Maine) and stratigraphically (Middle Ordovician to Silurian). A model is proposed for the most likely explanation of the observed REE and Sm/Nd isotope relationships involving a two-stage process. In the first stage, REE are redistributed on a mineralogical scale (dissolution/precipitation on a sample scale) often with the involvement of REE-enriched trace phases such as apatite and monazite. This stage typically takes place during diagenesis but may also take place later during metamorphism and/or recent weathering, and results in isotope re-equilibration on a sample scale. The second stage occurs when one or more of these phases is redissolved and REE are transported on large advective scales. Where LREE-enriched phases are involved, this gives rise to LREE depletion in whole rocks. The timing of this second stage cannot be constrained from Sm/Nd isotope data and may take place at any time subsequent to the isotope re-equilibration. Such complex histories of REE redistribution may result in serious errors in estimating Nd model ages but not in estimating the Nd isotope composition at the age of sedimentation. Thus, Sm/Nd ratios even of unmetamorphosed sedimentary rocks have to be carefully evaluated before the calculation of depleted mantle model ages for the provenance.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: MUG, Nd isotope resetting, Provenance, Rare Earth Element redistribution, Taconian Orogeny, USA
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1365-3091.2004.00656.x
ISSN: 0037-0746
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2010 14:00
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2016 12:25
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/859

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