Combining trace element compositions, U-Pb geochronology and Hf isotopes in zircons to unravel complex calcalkaline magma chambers in the Upper Cretaceous Srednogorie Zone (Bulgaria)

Peytcheva, I., von Quadt, A., Georgiev, N., Ivanov, Zh., Heinrich, C. A. and Frank, Martin (2008) Combining trace element compositions, U-Pb geochronology and Hf isotopes in zircons to unravel complex calcalkaline magma chambers in the Upper Cretaceous Srednogorie Zone (Bulgaria) Lithos, 104 . pp. 405-427. DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2008.01.004.

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Abstract

Precise U–Pb geochronology and Hf isotope tracing of zircon is combined with whole-rock geochemical and Sr and Nd isotope data in order to unravel processes affecting mafic to felsic calcalkaline magmas prior to and during their crystallization in crustal magma chambers along the southern border of Central Srednogorie tectonic zone in Bulgaria (SE Europe). ID-TIMS U–Pb dating of single zircons from felsic and mixed/mingled dioritic to gabbroic horizons of single plutons define crystallization ages of around 86.5–86.0, 85.0–84.5 and 82 Ma. Concordia age uncertainties are generally less than 0.3 Ma (0.35%–2σ), and as good as 0.08 Ma (0.1%), when the weighted mean 206Pb/238U value is used. Such precision allows the distinction of magma replenishment processes if separated by more than 0.6–1.0 Ma and when they are marked by newly saturated zircons. We interpret zircon dates from a single sample that do not overlap to reflect new zircon growth during magma recharge in a long-lived crustal chamber. Mingling/mixing of the basaltic magma with colder granitoid mush at mid- to upper-crustal levels is proposed to explain zircon saturation and fast crystallization of U- and REE-rich zircons in the hybrid gabbro.

Major and trace-element distribution and Sr and Nd whole-rock isotope chemistry define island arc affinities for the studied plutons. Slab derived fluids and a sediment component are constrained as enrichment sources for the mantle wedge-derived magma, though Hf isotopes in zircon suggest crustal assimilation was also important. Inherited zircons, and their corresponding ε-Hf, from the hybrid gabbroic rocks trace the lower crust as possible source for enrichment of the mantle magma. These inherited zircons are about 440 Ma old with ε-Hf of − 7 at 82 Ma, whereas newly saturated concordant Upper Cretaceous zircons reveal mantle ε-Hf values of + 7.2 to + 10.1. The upper and middle crusts contribute in the generation of the granitoid rocks. Their zircon inheritance is Lower Palaeozoic or significantly older and crustal dominated with 82–85 Ma corrected ε-Hf values of − 28. The Cretaceous concordant zircons in the granitoids are mantle dominated with a ε-Hf values spreading from + 3.9 to + 7.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Magma mixing/mingling, Upper Cretaceous, Srednogorie, U-Pb zircon dating, Nd-Sr isotopes, epsilon-Hf
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.lithos.2008.01.004
ISSN: 0024-4937
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 11:12
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/8114

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