Thiophaeococcus mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov., a photosynthetic marine gammaproteobacterium isolated from Bhitarkanika mangrove forest, India

Anil Kumar, P., Srinivas, T.N.R., Sasikala, Ch., Ramana, Ch.V. and Imhoff, Johannes F. (2008) Thiophaeococcus mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov., a photosynthetic marine gammaproteobacterium isolated from Bhitarkanika mangrove forest, India International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 58 (11). pp. 2660-2664. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.65775-0.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

A coccoid, phototrophic purple sulfur bacterium was isolated in pure culture from a mud sample collected from brackish water in the Bhitarkanika mangrove forest of Orissa, India, in a medium containing 2 % NaCl (w/v). This bacterium, strain JA304T, was Gram-negative and had a requirement for NaCl. Intracellular photosynthetic membranes were of the vesicular type. The colour of the phototrophically grown culture was saddle-brown. Bacteriochlorophyll a and the carotenoid lycopene were present as photosynthetic pigments. Strain JA304T was able to grow photolithoautotrophically and could photoassimilate a number of organic substrates. Yeast extract was required for growth of strain JA304T. The DNA G+C content was 68.1–68.9 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicate that the isolate represents a member of the Chromatiaceae within the class Gammaproteobacteria. According to sequence comparison data, strain JA304T is positioned distinctly outside the group formed by the four genera Thiocystis, Chromatium, Allochromatium and Thermochromatium, with only 86.7–91.0 % sequence similarity. Distinct morphological, physiological and genotypic differences from these previously described taxa support the classification of this isolate as a representative of a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Thiophaeococcus mangrovi gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Thiophaeococcus mangrovi is JA304T (=JCM 14889T =DSM 19863T).
PABA, para-aminobenzoic acid
The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA304T is AM748925.
A phase-contrast micrograph and whole-cell absorption spectrum and an acetone spectrum of extracted pigments of strain JA304T are available as supplementary material with the online version of this paper.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA304T is AM748925. A phase-contrast micrograph and whole-cell absorption spectrum and an acetone spectrum of extracted pigments of strain JA304T are available as supplementary material with the online version of this paper.
Keywords: PABA, para-aminobenzoic acid
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/ijs.0.65775-0
ISSN: 1466-5026
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2008 12:42
Last Modified: 29 May 2017 11:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/7784

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