PGE distribution in massive sulfides from the PACMANUS hydrothermal field, eastern Manus basin, Papua New Guinea: implications for PGE enrichment in some ancient volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits

Pasava, J., Vymazalova, A., Petersen, Sven and Herzig, Peter (2004) PGE distribution in massive sulfides from the PACMANUS hydrothermal field, eastern Manus basin, Papua New Guinea: implications for PGE enrichment in some ancient volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits Mineralium Deposita, 39 (7). pp. 784-792. DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0442-z.

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Abstract

The distribution of platinum group elements (PGE) in Cu- and Zn-rich samples from the Roman Ruins and Satanic Mills vent sites in the PACMANUS hydrothermal field (Papua New Guinea) was studied and compared to that from selected ancient volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposits. Samples from the Satanic Mills site are enriched in Pd and Rh when compared to samples from Roman Ruins and reach highest values in active and inactive Cu-rich black smoker chimneys and chalcopyrite-cemented dacite breccias (up to 356 ppb Pd and up to 145 ppb Rh). A significant positive correlation was established between Cu and Pd and Rh in samples from both vent sites. Comparisons of chondrite normalized patterns and values of Pd/Pt and Pd/Ir ratios in Cu-rich sulfides and probable source rocks (felsic volcanic rocks/MORB) along with the evidence for a magmatic component in the PACMANUS hydrothermal system indicate that leaching of back-arc volcanic rocks together with addition of magmatic volatiles to the convecting hydrothermal system was the most important factor for PGE enrichment at PACMANUS and likely at some PGE-enriched ancient VMS deposits.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Platinum group elements, Pd and Rh enrichment, Volcanogenic massive sulfides, Hydrothermal vents, Manus basin, RV Sonne, SO166
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00126-004-0442-z
ISSN: 0026-4598
Projects: IGCP Project 502
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2009 15:14
Last Modified: 18 May 2016 14:00
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/7767

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