Upward delamination of Cascadia Basin sediment infill with landward frontal accretion thrusting caused by rapid glacial age material flux

Adam, Jürgen, Klaeschen, Dirk, Kukowski, Nina and Flueh, Ernst R. (2004) Upward delamination of Cascadia Basin sediment infill with landward frontal accretion thrusting caused by rapid glacial age material flux Tectonics, 23 (3). TC3009. DOI 10.1029/2002TC001475.

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Abstract

The Cascadia convergent margin is a first-order research target to study the impact of rapid sedimentation processes on the mechanics of frontal subduction zone accretion. The near-trench part of the accretionary prism offshore Washington is affected by strongly increased glacial age sedimentation and fan formation that led to an outstanding Quaternary growth rate with landward vergent thrust faulting that is rarely observed elsewhere in accretionary wedges. Multichannel seismic reflection data acquired on the ORWELL project allows us to study the structure and dynamics of the atypical frontal accretion processes. We performed a kinematical and mechanical analysis of the frontal accretion structures, and developed a dynamic Coulomb-wedge model for the landward-verging backthrust formation. Backthrusting results from heterogeneous diffuse strain accumulation in the mechanically heterogeneous Cascadia basin sediment succession entering the subduction zone, and strain partitioning along a midlevel detachment that is activated by gravitational loading caused by rapid glacial age sedimentation. These complex deformation processes cause the passive “upward” delamination of the upper turbidite beds from the basal pelagic carbonate section similar to triangle-zone formation and passive backthrust wedging in foreland thrust belts caused by rapid burial beneath syntectonic sediment deposits. The deformation mechanism at the tectonic front of the Cascadia margin is an immediate response to the strongly increased late Pleistocene sediment flux rather than to atypical physical boundary conditions as generally thought.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: accretionary wedge, Subduction zone, active tectonics, fault mechanics, exogenetic processes, triangle zone, RV Sonne, SO108, ORWELL cruise, Cascadia Basin
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2002TC001475
ISSN: 0278-7407
Projects: ORWELL
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2009 11:02
Last Modified: 12 May 2017 11:30
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/7537

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