Boron systematics of authigenic carbonates: A new approach to identify fluid processes in accretionary prisms

Deyhle, A., Kopf, A. and Eisenhauer, Anton (2001) Boron systematics of authigenic carbonates: A new approach to identify fluid processes in accretionary prisms Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 187 (1-2). pp. 191-205. DOI 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00268-0.

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Boron contents and boron, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes were determined for authigenic carbonates recovered from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 146, Oregon margin. Carbonate precipitates are the most widespread authigenic phase in the shallow accretionary wedge and carry chemical information about long-term variations in pore fluid origin and flow paths in the Cascadia subduction zone. Drilling the first ridge (toe area including the frontal thrust) and the second ridge (or Hydrate Ridge) of the prism demonstrated different fluid regimes, with higher B contents in the authigenic precipitates at the toe. The δ11B of 18 authigenic precipitates analysed ranges from 13.9‰ to as high as 39.8‰, extending the upper range of previously reported carbonate δ11B values considerably. When related to the δ11B ratio of their parent solutions, these data are characteristic of fluid-related processes in accretionary prisms. Together with δ13C and δ18O, δ11B ratios of the carbonate concretions, nodules and crusts allow one to distinguish between precipitation influenced by (i) seawater, (ii) fluid reservoirs at different depth levels within the accretionary prism and (iii) cage water from dissociated gas hydrates, the latter possibly indicating a fluctuation of the bottom simulating reflector during most recent Earth’s history. From this first systematic boron study on authigenic precipitates from an accretionary prism it is suggested that B contents of such carbonate crusts and concretions exceed those reported for other marine carbonates. Given the abundance of such precipitates at convergent margins, they represent a significant B sink in geochemical cycling. Isotopic compositions of the parent fluids to the carbonates mirror B chemistry of modern pore waters from convergent margins. The precipitates carry information of different subduction-related fluid processes over a certain period of time, and hence are a crucial tracer in the investigation of palaeo-fluid flow.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: stable isotopes; authigenic minerals; carbonates; gas hydrates; Cascadia subduction zone
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00268-0
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 10:08

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