U-Pb dating, Hf isotope characteristics and trace-REE-patterns of zircons from Medet porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria: Implications for timing, duration and sources of ore-bearing magmatism

Peytcheva, I., von Quadt, A., Neubauer, F., Frank, Martin, Nedialkov, R., Heinrich, C. A. and Strashimirov, S. (2009) U-Pb dating, Hf isotope characteristics and trace-REE-patterns of zircons from Medet porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria: Implications for timing, duration and sources of ore-bearing magmatism Mineralogy and Petrology, 96 . pp. 19-41. DOI 10.1007/s00710-009-0042-9.

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Abstract

Precise U–Pb geochronology, Hf isotope compositions and trace element distributions in zircons are combined in the present study to define the timing and sources of the magmatism forming the Medet porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. ID-TIMS U–Pb-zircon dating demonstrates that ore-bearing magmatism extended for less than 1.12 Ma. As inferred from the field relationships, it started with the intrusion of a quartz-monzodiorite at 90.59 ± 0.29 Ma followed by granodiorite porphyries at 90.47 ± 0.30 and 90.27 ± 0.60 Ma and by crosscutting aplite dykes at 90.12 ± 0.36 Ma. These units were overprinted by potassic alteration and host economic copper-(Mo–Au) mineralization. The main magmatic–hydrothermal activity ceased after that, and a later quartz-granodiorite porphyry dyke, dated at 89.26 ± 0.32 Ma, only contains an uneconomic quartz–pyrite mineralization. Assimilation of Lower Paleozoic rocks with a mantle to mantle–crust signature is characteristic of the fertile magma in the Medet deposit, as defined by positive ɛ-Hf values of the inherited zircons. The positive Ce-anomalies and the higher Eu/Eu* ratios of the zircons in the mineralized Cretaceous rocks of Medet deposit argue for crystallization from a generally more oxidized magma compared to the later quartz-granodiorite porphyry dyke. A change in paleostress conditions occurred during the intrusion of the Medet pluton and its dykes. The initial stage reveals E–W extension associated with N–S compression, whereas the younger granodiorite dyke was emplaced during subsequent N–S extension. The large-scale switch of the extensional stress regime during the mineralization was favourable for ore deposition by channelling the fluids and increasing the effective permeability.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Medet porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria, magmatism
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00710-009-0042-9
ISSN: 0930-0708
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2009 15:54
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 13:17
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/7142

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