Seasonal variation of the daily zooplankton migration in the Greenland sea

Fischer, Jürgen and Visbeck, Martin (1993) Seasonal variation of the daily zooplankton migration in the Greenland sea Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 40 (8). pp. 1547-1557. DOI 10.1016/0967-0637(93)90015-U.

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Moored Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs) were used to analyse the daily vertical zooplankton migration and its seasonality. One-year records of vertical velocity and acoustic backscatter were obtained at four stations in the Greenland Sea. Both parameters exhibited a diurnal cycle typical for vertically migrating zooplankton. Upward and downward migration occured in short periods approximately 5 h long, and peak migration velocities were around 1.5 cm s−1.
Similar structures were observed at all four mooring sites in the 200–300 m depth range. Farther down, between 1000 and 1400 m, no daily migration was observed.
Strong seasonal variations are evident, and both the phase and intensity of the migration pattern change with daylight as the season progresses. In summer and during the polar night the migration became very weak and was only detectable in the displacement of scattering layers. When the day/ night contrast was large, intense upward or downward motion was accompanied by sloping backscatter isopleths.
We observed two main scattering layers, a deep layer that varies in depth with season and an almost invariable shallow scattering layer at about 150 m depth. The deep layer was interpreted as the “resting depth” of the migrating plankter, and the latter as their “feeding horizon”. Changes in the “resting depth” from about 400 m in autumn and spring to about 200 m in winter lead to seasonal variations in the migration distance. This behaviour is discussed with respect to environmental conditions.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0967-0637(93)90015-U
ISSN: 0967-0637
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:27
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 12:58

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