Trapping efficiencies of sediment traps from the deep Eastern North Atlantic: the 230Th calibration

Scholten, Jan, Fietzke, Jan, Vogler, S., Rutgers van der Loeff, M., Mangini, A., Koeve, Wolfgang, Waniek, J., Stoffers, Peter, Antia, Avan and Kuss, Joachim (2001) Trapping efficiencies of sediment traps from the deep Eastern North Atlantic: the 230Th calibration Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 48 . pp. 2383-2408. DOI 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00176-4.

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Bottom-tethered sediment traps deployed in the deep eastern North Atlantic between 54°N 20°W and 33°N 20°W (L1, L2, L3), at the European continental margin at 49°N (OMEX) and off the Canary Islands (ESTOC) were investigated for the determination of 230Th trapping efficiencies. The ratios of 230Th flux measured in the traps (Fa) to the expected 230Th flux from the production rate of 230Th in the overlying water column (Fp) ranged between 0.09 and 1.26. For the traps with deployment periods >300 days the interannual variation of Fa/Fp ratios (different years but same location and water depth) were up to 10%, suggesting that the average 230Th flux to the sediment traps did not vary significantly. The influence of lateral advection on the 230Th flux was taken into account either by applying a mass balance of 230Th and 231Pa or by assuming a constant removal rate of 230Th from the water column, an assumption based on similar 230Th concentration-depth profiles observed at most locations investigated. 230Th trapping efficiencies were between 9 and 143%, showing a trend of increasing efficiencies with increasing water depth. No relation was found between current velocities and 230Th trapping efficiencies. Our investigations suggest that the observation of constant or even increasing particle flux rates with increasing water depths in several sediment trap arrays investigated may be a result of sediment trap biases. The correction for the trapping biases is important for the understanding of the regional differences in the particle flux in the eastern North Atlantic.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00176-4
ISSN: 0967-0645
Projects: JGOFS
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2016 11:39

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