Association between growth and Pan I genotype within Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) full sib families

Case, R. A. J., Hutchinson, W. R., Hauser, L., Clemmesen, Catriona, Bühler, Vivian, Kjesbu, O. S., Mempel, Helgi, Moksness, E., Ottero, H., Paulsen, H., Svasand, T., Thorsen, A. and Carvalho, G. R. (2006) Association between growth and Pan I genotype within Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) full sib families Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 135 . pp. 241-250. DOI 10.1577/T05-130.1.

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Studies of the pantophysin (Pan I*) locus in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua and other marine gadoids indicate that the locus is under positive selection; in Atlantic cod, genotypic variation at this locus has been linked to differences in growth. Here, we present preliminary data comparing the growth and condition of different Atlantic cod Pan I* genotypes within families held under seminatural mesocosm conditions. Larvae from three full-sibling families carrying Pan I*bb or Pan I*ab genotypes were reared for 10 weeks in two mesocosms. Multivariate analysis of variance indicated that larvae carrying the Pan I*ab genotype exhibited significantly higher standard length, dry weight, and RNA: DNA ratio (condition factor) than did larvae that carried the Pan I*bb genotype, potentially indicating selection. The influence of linked loci cannot be excluded; indeed, the absence of a significant correlation between genotype and growth in one family may substantiate this. The lack of differences in survival among genotypes indicates that moderate selective effects are acting primarily through size-specific mortality and fecundity. The proposed putative fitness effects, together with documented marked geographic differentiation in the wild, have implications for Atlantic cod population structure, effective migration rates, recruitment, and local adaptation, which are of particular relevance in a species threatened by continuing exploitation and rising sea temperatures.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1577/T05-130.1
ISSN: 0002-8487
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2009 09:54
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 14:54

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