The Nd isotope signature of Holocene Baltic Mn/Fe precipitates as monitore of climate change during the little Ice-Age

Bock, Barbara, Liebetrau, Volker, Eisenhauer, Anton, Frei, R. and Leipe, T. (2005) The Nd isotope signature of Holocene Baltic Mn/Fe precipitates as monitore of climate change during the little Ice-Age Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69 (9). pp. 2253-2263. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2004.11.016.

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Neodymium (Nd) isotope profiles were analyzed on two Baltic Mn/Fe precipitates (99/2 and TL1) from shallow water (20 m) of the Mecklenburg Bay. The age range of these Mn/Fe precipitates determined by 226Raex/Ba dating reaches from recent growth back to ∼4300 and 1000 yr BP, respectively. Over this time range, the Nd isotope composition varies from εNd (0) = −13.1 to −17.5 in the selected Baltic precipitates indicating substantial changes in the Nd isotope composition of the Baltic Sea. The lowest εNd values were recorded during the time interval of the Little Ice Age (LIA, AD ∼1350 to 1850). These minimum values indicate either an increase of the input of less radiogenic Nd from Scandinavian Archean-Proterozoic sources (εNd about −22) to the Baltic Sea or a decrease of the input of more radiogenic Nd from continental European sources (εNd about −12) and/or North Sea water (εNd about −10). Variations of both, erosive continental input and North Sea inflow may indicate a direct response of the Nd isotope signal in the Baltic Sea to climate changes during the LIA and be related to cyclic shifts in the atmospheric circulation triggered by the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO). Another aspect that possibly influenced the input of trace elements and Nd isotopes into the Baltic Sea is the population development in the circum Baltic area during the LIA. The lowest εNd values also correspond to the medieval demographic crises that led to a significant decrease of agricultural activity and farmland. The reduction of soil erosion and enhanced regrowth of natural vegetation may have changed the amount and proportions of dissolved and suspended particulate matter transported into the Baltic Sea by rivers which in turn may have resulted in a change of the Nd isotope composition of Baltic Sea water.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2004.11.016
ISSN: 0016-7037
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 11:25

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