Controls on Dissolved Silicon Isotopes along the US GEOTRACES Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect (GP16)

Grasse, Patricia, Closset, I., Jones, J. L., Geilert, Sonja and Brzezinski, M. A. (2020) Controls on Dissolved Silicon Isotopes along the US GEOTRACES Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect (GP16) Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34 (9). e2020GB006538. DOI 10.1029/2020GB006538.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

The distribution of dissolved silicon isotopes (δ30Si) was examined along the US GEOTRACES East Pacific Zonal Transect (GP16) extending from Peru to Tahiti (10°S and 15°S latitude).

Surface waters in the subtropical gyre displayed high δ30Si due to strong utilization of silicic acid (DSi). In contrast, surface waters close to the Peruvian coast where upwelling prevailed were less depleted and only moderately fractionated. δ30Si of water masses along the transect were compared with the results of an Optimum Multiparameter Analysis that quantified the fractional contributions of endmember water masses in each sample. Strong admixture of intermediate waters obscured the expected heavy isotopic signatures of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water. Isotope values were nearly homogenous below 2000 m (Average: +1.3 ± 0.1 ‰, 1 s.d.) despite the 25 μmol kg‐1 range in the DSi content among water masses. This homogeneity confirms prior observations and model results that predict nearly constant δ30Si values of +1.0 to +1.2 ‰ for Pacific deep waters with [DSi] > 100 μmol kg‐1.

Waters above the East Pacific Rise (EPR) influenced by hydrothermal activity showed a small increase in [DSi] together with dissolved iron, but overall stations close to the EPR were slightly depleted in [DSi] (3 to 6 μmol kg‐1) with no significant shift in δ30Si compared to adjacent waters. Hydrothermal [DSi] appears to precipitate within the conduit of the EPR or upon contact with cold seawater resulting in a negligible influence of hydrothermal fluids on δ30Si in deep water.

Key Points

Surface waters have a large range in dissolved silicon isotopes covering nutrient‐rich coastal upwelling to oligotrophic waters
Deep water masses with DSi concentrations > 100 μmol kg‐1 show homogenous silicon isotope signatures despite up to 25 μmol kg‐1 differences in [DSi]
Hydrothermal fluids have a negligible effect on Si isotope distributions in the deep Pacific

Document Type: Article
Keywords: GEOTRACES, GP16, Silicon Isotopes, Oxygen Minimum Zone, East Pacific Rise, Pacific
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754 > A5
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2020GB006538
ISSN: 0886-6236
Projects: SFB754
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2020 11:15
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2020 06:15
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/50373

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