Thiorhodospira sibirica gen. nov., and sp. nov., a new alkaliphilic purple sulfur bacterium from a Siberian soda lake

Bryantseva, I., Gorlenko, V. M., Kompantseva, E. I., Imhoff, Johannes F., Süling, Jörg and Mityushina, L. (1999) Thiorhodospira sibirica gen. nov., and sp. nov., a new alkaliphilic purple sulfur bacterium from a Siberian soda lake International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 49 . pp. 697-703. DOI 10.1099/00207713-49-2-697.

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Abstract

A new purple sulfur bacterium was isolated from microbial films on decaying plant mass in the near-shore area of the soda lake Malyi Kasytui (pH 9.5, 0.2% salinity) located in the steppe of the Chita region of south-east Siberia. Single cells were vibrioid- or spiral-shaped (3-4 microns wide and 7-20 microns long) and motile by means of a polar tuft of flagella. Internal photosynthetic membranes were of the lamellar type. Lamellae almost filled the whole cell, forming strands and coils. Photosynthetic pigments were bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids of the spirilloxanthin group. The new bacterium was strictly anaerobic. Under anoxic conditions, hydrogen sulfide and elemental sulfur were used as photosynthetic electron donors. During growth on sulfide, sulfur globules were formed as intermediate oxidation products. They were deposited outside the cytoplasm of the cells, in the peripheral periplasmic space and extracellularly. Thiosulfate was not used. Carbon dioxide, acetate, pyruvate, propionate, succinate, fumarate and malate were utilized as carbon sources. Optimum growth rates were obtained at pH 9.0 and optimum temperature was 30 degrees C. Good growth was observed in a mineral salts medium containing 5 g sodium bicarbonate l-1 without sodium chloride. The new bacterium tolerated up to 60 g sodium chloride l-1 and up to 80 g sodium carbonates l-1. Growth factors were not required. The DNA G + C composition was 56.0-57.4 mol%. Based on physiological, biochemical and genetic characteristics, the newly isolated bacterium is recognized as a new species of a new genus with the proposed name Thiorhodospira sibirica.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The EMBL accession number for the 16S rDNA sequence of strain A12Tis AJ006530.
Keywords: purple sulfur bacteria, sp. nov., Ectothiorhodospiraceae, Thiorhodospira sibirica gen. nov.
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/00207713-49-2-697
ISSN: 0020-7713
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 10:46
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/5026

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