Marvelous Marine Microgels: On the Distribution and Impact of Gel-Like Particles in the Oceanic Water-Column

Engel, Anja, Endres, Sonja, Galgani, Luisa and Schartau, Markus (2020) Marvelous Marine Microgels: On the Distribution and Impact of Gel-Like Particles in the Oceanic Water-Column Frontiers in Marine Science, 7 . Art.Nr. 405. DOI 10.3389/fmars.2020.00405.

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Abstract

Three-dimensional hydrogels of organic polymers have been suggested to affect a variety of processes in the ocean, including element cycling, microbial ecology, food-web dynamics, and air-sea exchange. However, their abundance and distribution in the ocean are hardly known, strongly limiting an assessment of their global significance. As a consequence, marine gels are often disregarded in biogeochemical or ecosystem models. Here, we demonstrate the widespread abundance of microgels in the ocean, from the surface to the deep sea. We exhibit size spectra of two major classes of marine gels, transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and Coomassie stainable particles (CSP) for three different ocean regimes: (a) Polar Seas, (b) Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems, and (c) the oligotrophic open ocean. We show the variations of TEP and CSP over the water-column, and compare them to dissolved organic carbon (DOC). We also discuss how the observed distributional patterns inform about productivity and particle dynamics of these distinct oceanic regimes. Finally, we exploit current research topics, where consideration of microgels may give new insight into the role of organic matter for marine biogeochemical processes.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: transparent exopolymer particles (TEP);, coomassie stainable particles (CSP); DOC (dissolved organic carbon); particle size spectra; water column
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > SFB 754 > B9
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00405
ISSN: 2296-7745
Projects: SFB754, SOPRAN, MicroARC
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2020 12:11
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2020 12:11
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/49828

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