Exploration of the munition dumpsite Kolberger Heide in Kiel Bay, Germany: Example for a standardised hydroacoustic and optic monitoring approach

Kampmeier, Mareike, van der Lee, Eefke M., Wichert, Uwe and Greinert, Jens (2020) Exploration of the munition dumpsite Kolberger Heide in Kiel Bay, Germany: Example for a standardised hydroacoustic and optic monitoring approach Continental Shelf Research, 198 (Article number 104108). DOI 10.1016/j.csr.2020.104108.

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Abstract

Highlights

• Over 1,000 discarded munition material (DMM) are located inside the nearshore munition dumpsite Kolberger Heide.
• Munition is exposed and explosives are in direct contact with local flora and fauna.
• Munition migration, scour formation and consequent burial takes place.
• Only a monitoring can reliably document long-term changes and allow for future predictions.

Abstract

Post-war marine munition dumpsites do exist and are acknowledged by authorities, but their real extent and their effect onto the environment are mostly unknown. Military historic reconstruction and ocean current data (from in-situ measurements and modelled data) indicate that the German dumpsite in the Baltic Sea ‘Kolberger Heide’ is an active environment with a huge content of discarded munition material (DMM). Repeated high-resolution multibeam and underwater video surveys prove that Kolberger Heide contains more than 1,000 munition objects in the form of e.g. moored mines, ground mines, torpedoes and aerial bombs. An unsupervised seafloor classification was performed to show that corroded munition objects and proud explosives are in direct contact with the diverse local marine flora and fauna. Also the fact that the dumpsite is in close proximity to the shore in very shallow water (less than 15 m water depth) and displacement and burial of mines can be observed, demand an effective and standardised monitoring procedure. Via the combined approach of hydroacoustic and optical methods, areas can be identified, which should be prioritized when it comes to monitoring.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Hydroacoustic, marine munition, habitat mapping, UDEMM monitoring, unsupervised classification, high-resolution multibeam
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems > DeepSea Monitoring
IOW
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.csr.2020.104108
ISSN: 0278-4343
Projects: UDEMM
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
eprint_fieldopt_contribution_number_project_DSM44
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2020 10:24
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2020 11:26
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/49303

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