Seasonal cycling of zinc and cobalt in the Southeast Atlantic along the GEOTRACES GA10 section

Wyatt, Neil J., Milne, Angela, Achterberg, Eric P., Browning, Thomas J., Bouman, Heather A., Woodward, E. Malcolm S. and Lohan, Maeve C. (2020) Seasonal cycling of zinc and cobalt in the Southeast Atlantic along the GEOTRACES GA10 section Biogeosciences Discussions . DOI 10.5194/bg-2020-42.

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Abstract

We report the distributions of dissolved zinc (dZn) and cobalt (dCo) in sub-tropical and sub-Antarctic waters of the Southeast Atlantic Ocean during austral spring 2010 and summer 2011/12. A strong seasonal signal was observed in sub-tropical surface waters with early spring mixed-layer dZn and dCo concentrations of 3.16 ± 1.35 nM and 39 ± 9 pM, respectively, compared with summer values depleted well below these levels by biological activity. The elevated spring mixed-layer dZn concentrations resulted from an apparent offshore transport of elevated dZn at depths between 20–50 m, derived from lithogenic inputs from the Agulhas Bank. In contrast, open-ocean sub-Antarctic surface waters displayed largely consistent inter-seasonal mixed-layer dZn and dCo concentrations of 0.11 ± 0.08 nM and 11 ± 5 pM, respectively. The vertical distributions of dZn and dCo in the upper water column were similar to that of phosphate (PO43−), with positive linear relationships during each of the seasons and across dynamic biogeochemical regimes, suggesting surface biological drawdown and shallow remineralisation of these metals in this region largely influences their distribution. The ecological stoichiometries for dZn and dCo, calculated from the linear regression with PO43−, suggest a greater overall use of dZn relative to dCo in the upper water column of the Southeast Atlantic with an inter-seasonal Zn:Co ratio ranging between 9 and 29. Sub-tropical surface water Zn:Co ratios were found to decrease between spring and summer indicating a preferential removal of dZn relative to dCo between seasons. In this paper we investigate how the seasonal influences of external input and phytoplankton succession may relate to the distribution of dZn and dCo, and variation in Zn:Co ecological stoichiometry, across two distinct ecological regimes in the Southeast Atlantic.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Data availability. The trace metal and macronutrient data sets used for analyses in this study are available at https://www.bodc.ac.uk/geotraces/data/idp2017/ (GEOTRACES GA10) and phytoplankton data at https://www.bodc.ac.uk/.
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
NOC
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-2020-42
ISSN: 1810-6285
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2020 14:16
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2020 14:16
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/49268

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