Revisiting the tsunamigenic volcanic flank-collapse of Fogo Island in the Cape Verdes, offshore West Africa

Barrett, Rachel, Lebas, Elodie, Ramalho, Ricardo, Klaucke, Ingo, Kutterolf, Steffen, Klügel, Andreas, Lindhorst, Katja, Gross, Felix and Krastel, Sebastian (2020) Revisiting the tsunamigenic volcanic flank-collapse of Fogo Island in the Cape Verdes, offshore West Africa Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Advances in Process Understanding, Monitoring and Hazard. Special Publications Geological Society London, 500 . UNSPECIFIED, London, pp. 13-26. DOI 10.1144/SP500-2019-187.

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Abstract

Volcanic archipelagos are a source of numerous on- and offshore geohazards, including explosive eruptions and potentially tsunamigenic large-scale flank-collapses. Fogo Island in the southern Cape Verdes is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, making it both prone to collapse (as evidenced by the ca. 73 ka Monte Amarelo volcanic flank-collapse), and a source of widely-distributed tephra and volcanic material. The offshore distribution of the Monte Amarelo debris avalanche deposits and the surrounding volcaniclastic apron were previously mapped using only medium-resolution bathymetric data. Here, using recently acquired, higher resolution acoustic data, we revisit Fogo's flank-collapse, and find evidence suggesting that the deposition of hummocky volcanic debris originating from the failed eastern flank most likely triggered the contemporaneous, multi-phase failure of pre-existing seafloor sediments. Additionally, we identify, for the first time, multiple mass-transport deposits in the southern part of the volcaniclastic apron of Fogo and Santiago based on the presence of acoustically chaotic deposits in parametric echo sounder data and volcaniclastic turbiditic sands in recovered cores. These preliminary findings indicate a long and complex history of instability on the southern slopes of Fogo and suggest that Fogo may have experienced multiple flank collapses.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: volcanic flank-collapse, Fogo Island, Cape Verdes, offshore West Africa
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Kiel University
DOI etc.: 10.1144/SP500-2019-187
ISSN: 0305-8719
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 12:37
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2020 10:41
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/48721

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