Common features of iodate to iodide reduction amongst a diverse range of marine phytoplankton

Hepach, Helmke, Hughes, Claire, Hogg, Karen, Collings, Susannah and Chance, Rosie (2019) Common features of iodate to iodide reduction amongst a diverse range of marine phytoplankton Biogeosciences Discussions . DOI 10.5194/bg-2019-443.

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Abstract

The reaction between ozone and iodide at the sea surface is now known to be an important part of atmospheric ozone cycling, causing ozone deposition and the release of ozone-depleting reactive iodine to the atmosphere. The importance of this reaction is reflected by its inclusion in chemical transport models (CTMs). Such models depend on accurate sea surface iodide fields but measurements are spatially and temporally limited. The ability to predict current and future sea surface iodide fields requires the development of process-based models which in turn require a thorough understanding of the key processes controlling inorganic iodine cycling. The aim of this study was to inform the development of ocean iodine cycling models by exploring if there are common features of iodate to iodide reduction amongst diverse marine phytoplankton. In order to achieve this, rates and patterns of changes in inorganic iodine speciation were determined in 10 phytoplankton cultures grown at ambient iodate concentrations. Where possible these data were analysed alongside results from previous studies. Iodate loss and some iodide production was observed in all cultures studied, confirming that this is a widespread feature amongst marine phytoplankton. We found no significant difference in log-phase, cell-normalised iodide production rates between key phytoplankton groups (diatoms, prymesiophytes including coccolithophores and phaeocystales) suggesting that a Phytoplankton Functional Type (PFT) approach would not be appropriate for building an ocean iodine cycling model. Iodate loss was greater than iodide formation in the majority of the cultures studied, indicating the presence of an as yet unidentified "missing iodine" fraction. Iodide yield at the end of the experiment was significantly greater in cultures that had reached a later senescence stage. This suggests that models should incorporate a lag between peak phytoplankton biomass and maximum iodide production, and that cell mortality terms in biogeochemical models could be used to parameterize iodide production.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-2019-443
ISSN: 1810-6285
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2019 08:36
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2019 08:36
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/48316

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