Inter-hemispherical shoreline surveys of anthropogenic marine debris – A binational citizen science project with schoolchildren

Honorato-Zimmer, Daniela, Kruse, Katrin, Knickmeier, Katrin, Weinmann, Anna, Honojosa, Ivan A. and Thiel, Martin (2019) Inter-hemispherical shoreline surveys of anthropogenic marine debris – A binational citizen science project with schoolchildren Marine Pollution Bulletin, 138 . pp. 464-473. DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.11.048.

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Abstract

Anthropogenic marine debris (AMD) is a global problem and the identification of its sources is essential for adequate mitigation strategies. Herein we examined whether AMD density and composition differed between two countries with contrasting socio-economic backgrounds and marine litter sources (i.e. Chile and Germany). In nationwide beach litter surveys, we used a citizen science approach with schoolchildren and their teachers. Litter densities were substantially higher in Chile than in Germany. The different geographic zones surveyed in both countries showed strong grouping tendencies according to their main economic activities (tourism, shipping, fisheries/aquaculture), major litter sources, and AMD composition, in terms of dominance and diversity of AMD types. The results suggest that beach litter composition can be used as a simple proxy to identify AMD sources, and also that law enforcement and education can help mitigate the problem; however, for efficient solutions, production and consumption of plastics must be reduced.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine plastic litter, Beach Surveys, Litter composition, Litter sources, Citizen science, Schoolchildren
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.11.048
ISSN: 0025-326X
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2019 13:43
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 13:43
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/48043

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