Framing Climate Change Adaptation from a Pacific Island Perspective – The Anthropology of Emerging Legal Orders

Klepp, Silja (2018) Framing Climate Change Adaptation from a Pacific Island Perspective – The Anthropology of Emerging Legal Orders Sociologus, 68 (2). pp. 149-170.

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Abstract

Kiribati is among the many islands in Oceania that are highly affected by an-
thropogenic climate change and has, as such, adopted a proactive role to deal
with adaptation. The article analyses how the government brings together cli-
mate change discourses with its struggle for new rights and resources for the
country. The awareness of anthropogenic climate change has generated new pa-
rameters for law-making processes and emerging legal orders. The article devel-
ops a new concept of how to frame the cultural and social impacts of climate
change from a Pacific Island perspective, in order to overcome shortcomings of
the widely-employed notions of ‘vulnerability’ and ‘resilience’ as frames for ad-
aptation to climate change in Oceania. By employing the notion of climate
change as a ‘travelling idea’, combined with the ‘anthropology of emerging legal
orders’
,
the research perspective presented here enables us to analyse emerging
social and legal orders that evolve in face of climate change and particular global
framings, which will be illustrated here by recent developments on the island
state of Kiribati in the central Pacific. It combines the theoretical perspective of
legal pluralism with aspects of the ‘sociology of emergence’ of de Sousa Santos
and Rodriguez-Garavito, who shed light on bottom-up processes in justice build
-
ing and on emerging rights in the Global South (2005). It will be argued that
other regions, particularly the often migration-unfriendly Global North, can
learn from the new concepts of belonging, migration and solidarity as empower-
ing strategies that are developing in Oceania.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Kiribati, legal anthropology, climate change, Small Island Development States, migration
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
ISSN: 0038-0377
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2019 12:33
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2019 03:48
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/47723

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