Mathematical analysis of the PO4-DOP-Fe marine ecosystem model driven by 3-D ocean transport

Roschat, Christina and Slawig, Thomas (2015) Mathematical analysis of the PO4-DOP-Fe marine ecosystem model driven by 3-D ocean transport arXiv e-prints . arXiv: 1409.7540.

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Marine ecosystem models are developed to understand and simulate the biogeochemical processes involved in marine ecosystems. Parekh, Follows and Boyle introduced the PO4-DOP-Fe model of the coupled phosphorus and iron cycles in 2005. Especially the part describing the phosphorus cycle (PO4-DOP model) is often applied in the context of parameter identification. The mathematical analysis presented in this study is concerned with the existence of solutions and the reconstruction of parameters from given data. Both are important questions in the numerical model's assessment and validation not answered so far. In this study, we obtain transient, stationary and periodic solutions (steady annual cycles) of the PO4-DOP-Fe model equations after a slight change in the equation modeling iron. This result confirms the validity of the solutions computed numerically. Furthermore, we present a calculation showing that four of the PO4-DOP model's parameters are possibly dependent, i.e. different parameter values might be associated with the same model output. Thereby, we identify a relevant source of uncertainty in parameter identification. On the basis of the results, possible ways to overcome this deficit can be proposed. In addition, the stated mathematical conditions for solvability are universal and thus applicable to the analysis of other ecosystem models as well.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2019 09:47
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2019 09:47

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