Sector collapse kinematics and tsunami implications - SEKT, Cruise No. M154/1, April 3 - April 25, 2019, Mindelo (Cape Verde) - Point-á-Pitre (Guadeloupe)

Berndt, Christian, Böttner, Christoph, Elger, Judith, Kontradowitz, Stefan, Kühn, Michel, Müller, Sebastian, Schramm, Bettina and Stelzner, Martin (2019) Sector collapse kinematics and tsunami implications - SEKT, Cruise No. M154/1, April 3 - April 25, 2019, Mindelo (Cape Verde) - Point-á-Pitre (Guadeloupe) METEOR-Berichte, M154/1 . UNSPECIFIED, Kiel, Germany. DOI 10.2312/cr_m154_1.

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Abstract

Summary
Deep-seated collapses of volcanic islands have generated the largest volume mass flows worldwide. These mass flows might trigger mega-tsunamis. The way in which these collapse events are emplaced is poorly understood, even though this emplacement process determines the scale of associated tsunamis. Key questions such as whether they are emplaced in single or multiple events, how they may incorporate seafloor sediment to increase their volume, and how they are related to volcanic eruption cycles and migration of volcanic centers, remain to be answered. This project forms a part of the comprehensive study of large volcanic island landslide deposits and is directly linked to IODP drilling campaign in the Lesser Antilles (IODP Leg 340). Unfortunately, Leg 340 only recovered material from a single site within the volcanic landslide deposits off Montserrat, and even at this site, recovery was not continuous. This single IODP site is insufficient to document lateral variation in landslide character, which is critical for understanding how it was emplaced. The main scientific goals of this project are to determine where the landslides are sourced from; to understand how these landslides are emplaced; and to understand the relationship between landslides, eruption cycles and initiation of new volcanic centres. Combining 3D seismology (Leg 1) and MeBo cores (Leg 2) provides a unique dataset of the internal structure, composition and source of material throughout a volcanic island landslide. The results will significantly contribute to understanding the emplacement of volcanic island landslides and they will allow us to assess the associated tsunami risk.

Document Type: Report (Cruise Report)
Keywords: RV Meteor, M154/1, cruise report, sector collapse, kinematics, tsunami implications, SEKT
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > ZE Central Facilities > ZE-TLZ Technical and Logistics
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
DOI etc.: 10.2312/cr_m154_1
Projects: SEKT, OCEANS
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2019 09:01
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2019 09:13
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/47542

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