Trigger-induced RNAi gene silencing to identify pathogenicity factors of Entamoeba histolytica

Matthiesen, Jenny, Lender, Corinna, Haferkorn, Anne, Fehling, Helena, Meyer, Martin, Matthies, Thorben, Tannich, Egbert, Roeder, Thomas, Lotter, Hannelore and Bruchhaus, Iris (2019) Trigger-induced RNAi gene silencing to identify pathogenicity factors of Entamoeba histolytica The FASEB Journal, 33 (2). pp. 1658-1668. DOI 10.1096/fj.201801313R.

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Abstract

Recently, Entamoeba histolytica clones derived from isolate HM-1:IMSS that differ in their pathogenicity were identified. Whereas some clones induce amoebic liver abscesses (ALAs) in animal models of amoebiasis, others provoke only minimal liver lesions. Based on transcriptome studies of pathogenic and nonpathogenic clones, differentially expressed genes associated with reduced or increased liver pathology can be identified. Here, to analyze the influence of these genes on ALA formation in more detail, an RNA interference–trigger mediated silencing approach was used. Using newly identified trigger sequences, the expression of 15 genes was silenced. The respective transfectants were analyzed for their ability to induce liver destruction in the murine model for the disease. Silencing of EHI_180390 (encoding an AIG1 protein) increased liver pathology induced by a nonpathogenic parent clone, whereas silencing of EHI_127670 (encoding a hypothetical protein) decreased the pathogenicity of an initially pathogenic parent clone. Additional phenotypical in vitro analyses of EHI_127670 silencing as well as overexpression transfectants indicated that this molecule has an influence on size, growth, and cysteine peptidase activity of E. histolytica. This work describes an example of how the sole operational method for effective gene silencing in E. histolytica can be used for comprehensive analyses of putative pathogenicity factors.—Matthiesen, J., Lender, C., Haferkorn, A., Fehling, H., Meyer, M., Matthies, T., Tannich, E., Roeder, T., Lotter, H., Bruchhaus, I. Trigger-induced RNAi gene silencing to identify pathogenicity factors of Entamoeba histolytica.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: amoebic liver abscess cysteine peptidase eukaryotic transfection
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1096/fj.201801313R
ISSN: 0892-6638
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 10:36
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2019 13:23
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/47488

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