Evolving the Physical Global Ocean Observing System for Research and Application Services Through International Coordination

Sloyan, Bernadette M., Wilkin, John, Hill, Katherine Louise, Chidichimo, Maria Paz, Cronin, Meghan F., Johannessen, Johnny A., Karstensen, Johannes, Krug, Marjolaine, Lee, Tong, Oka, Eitarou, Palmer, Matthew D., Rabe, Benjamin, Speich, Sabrina, von Schuckmann, Karina, Weller, Robert A. and Yu, Weidong (2019) Evolving the Physical Global Ocean Observing System for Research and Application Services Through International Coordination Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 . Art.Nr. 449. DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00449.

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Abstract

Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean's role in the Earth's climate system is the study of ocean and sea-ice physical processes, including its interactions with the atmosphere, cryosphere, land and biosphere. These processes include those linked to ocean circulation; the storage and redistribution of heat, carbon, salt and other water properties; and air-sea exchanges of heat, momentum, freshwater, carbon and other gasses. Measurements of ocean physics variables are fundamental to reliable earth prediction systems for a range of applications and users. In addition, knowledge of the physical environment is fundamental to growing understanding of the ocean's biogeochemistry and biological/ecosystem variability and function. Through the progress from OceanObs'99 to OceanObs'09, the ocean observing system has evolved from a platform centric perspective to an integrated observing system. The challenge now is for the observing system to evolve to respond to an increasingly diverse end user group. The Ocean Observations Physics and Climate panel (OOPC), formed in 1995, has undertaken many activities that led to observing system-related agreements. Here, OOPC will explore the opportunities and challenges for the development of a fit-for-purpose, sustained and prioritized ocean observing system, focusing on physical variables that maximize support for fundamental research, climate monitoring, forecasting on different timescales, and society. OOPC recommendations are guided by the Framework for Ocean Observing (Lindstrom et al. 2012) which emphasizes identifying user requirements by considering time and space scales of the Essential Ocean Variables. This approach provides a framework for reviewing the adequacy of the observing system, looking for synergies in delivering an integrated observing system for a range of applications and focusing innovation in areas where existing technologies do not meet these requirements

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Climate; Observation platforms; Observing networks; Observing system design; Observing system evaluation; Operational services; Sustained observations; System user requirements; Weather
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Woods Hole
AWI
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00449
ISSN: 2296-7745
Projects: AtlantOS
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 09:12
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 09:12
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/47467

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