Diel transcriptional response of a California Current plankton microbiome to light, low iron, and enduring viral infection

Kolody, B. C., McCrow, J. P., Allen, L. Zeigler, Aylward, F. O., Fontanez, K. M., Moustafa, A., Moniruzzaman, M., Chavez, F. P., Scholin, C. A., Allen, E. E., Worden, Alexandra Z., Delong, E. F. and Allen, A. E. (2019) Diel transcriptional response of a California Current plankton microbiome to light, low iron, and enduring viral infection The ISME Journal . DOI 10.1038/s41396-019-0472-2.

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Abstract

Phytoplankton and associated microbial communities provide organic carbon to oceanic food webs and drive ecosystem dynamics. However, capturing those dynamics is challenging. Here, an in situ, semi-Lagrangian, robotic sampler profiled pelagic microbes at 4 h intervals over ~2.6 days in North Pacific high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters. We report on the community structure and transcriptional dynamics of microbes in an operationally large size class (>5 μm) predominantly populated by dinoflagellates, ciliates, haptophytes, pelagophytes, diatoms, cyanobacteria (chiefly Synechococcus), prasinophytes (chiefly Ostreococcus), fungi, archaea, and proteobacteria. Apart from fungi and archaea, all groups exhibited 24-h periodicity in some transcripts, but larger portions of the transcriptome oscillated in phototrophs. Periodic photosynthesis-related transcripts exhibited a temporal cascade across the morning hours, conserved across diverse phototrophic lineages. Pronounced silica:nitrate drawdown, a high flavodoxin to ferredoxin transcript ratio, and elevated expression of other Fe-stress markers indicated Fe-limitation. Fe-stress markers peaked during a photoperiodically adaptive time window that could modulate phytoplankton response to seasonal Fe-limitation. Remarkably, we observed viruses that infect the majority of abundant taxa, often with total transcriptional activity synchronized with putative hosts. Taken together, these data reveal a microbial plankton community that is shaped by recycled production and tightly controlled by Fe-limitation and viral activity.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-OEB Ökosystembiologie des Ozeans
Scripps
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/s41396-019-0472-2
ISSN: 1751-7362
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 08:32
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 08:32
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/47347

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