Does the European Union achieve comprehensive blue growth? Progress of EU coastal states in the Baltic and North Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean against sustainable development goal 14

Rickels, Wilfried, Weigand, Christian, Grasse, Patricia, Schmidt, Jörn and Voss, Rüdiger (2019) Does the European Union achieve comprehensive blue growth? Progress of EU coastal states in the Baltic and North Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean against sustainable development goal 14 Marine Policy, 106 . Art.Nr. 103515. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103515.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• European Union Blue Growth is assessed by set of 18 indicators for 15 EU coastal states.
• The results put into question that the EU has achieved comprehensive blue growth.
• Unsustainable development is in particular driven by increasing fishing mortality.

Abstract

The Sustainable Development Goal for the oceans and coasts (SDG 14) as part of the 2030 Agenda can be considered as an important step towards achieving comprehensive blue growth. Here, we selected a set of 18 indicators to measure progress against SDG 14 for 15 EU coastal countries in the Baltic and the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean since 2012. In our assessment we distinguish between a concept of weak and strong sustainability, assuming high and low substitution possibilities, respectively. Our results indicate that there are countries which managed to achieve sustainable development under both concepts of sustainability (most notably Estonia, achieving the strongest improvement), but that there are also countries which failed to achieve sustainable development under both concepts (most notably Ireland and Belgium, experiencing the strongest decline). Unsustainable development is in particular driven by increasing fishing mortality and reduced willingness to set total allowable catch in accordance with scientific advice.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Sustainable development goals, Blue growth, European Union, Fisheries
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103515
ISSN: 0308-597X
Projects: Future Ocean, Bonus BLUEWEBS
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 07:09
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 09:50
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/46768

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