On the link between Earth tides and volcanic degassing

Dinger, Florian, Bredemeyer, Stefan, Arellano, Santiago, Bobrowski, Nicole, Platt, Ulrich and Wagner, Thomas (2019) On the link between Earth tides and volcanic degassing Solid Earth Discussions . DOI 10.5194/se-2019-14.

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Abstract

Long-term measurements of volcanic gas emissions conducted during the recent decade suggest that under certain conditions the magnitude or chemical composition of volcanic emissions exhibits periodic variations with a period of about two weeks. A possible cause of such a periodicity can be attributed to the Earth tidal potential. The phenomenology of such a link has been debated for long, but no quantitative model has yet been proposed. The aim of this paper is to elucidate whether a causal link from the tidal forcing to variation in the volcanic degassing can be traced analytically. We model the response of a simplified magmatic system to the local tidal gravity variations and derive a periodical vertical magma displacement in the conduit with an amplitude of 0.1–1 m, depending on geometry and physical state of the magmatic system. We find that while the tide-induced vertical magma displacement has presumably no significant direct effect on the volatile solubility, the differential magma flow across the radial conduit profile may result in a significant increase of the bubble coalescence rate in a depth of several kilometres by up to several ten percent. Because bubble coalescence facilitates separation of gas from magma and thus enhances volatile degassing, we argue that the derived tidal variation may propagate to a manifestation of varying volcanic degassing behaviour. The presented model provides a first basic framework which establishes an analytical understanding of the link between the Earth tides and volcanic degassing.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: GFZ
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.5194/se-2019-14
ISSN: 1869-9537
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 14:54
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 14:54
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/45843

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