Intra-seasonal variability of the eastern boundary circulation off Peru and biogeochemical consequences

Lüdke, Jan, Clemens, David, Dengler, Marcus, Krahmann, Gerd, Schmidtko, Sunke, Sommer, Stefan, Thomsen, Sören and Visbeck, Martin (2018) Intra-seasonal variability of the eastern boundary circulation off Peru and biogeochemical consequences [Talk] In: Ocean Deoxygenation Conference 2018, 03.-07.09.2018, Kiel, Germany.

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Dissolved oxygen (O2) and nutrient concentrations at the continental margin of the eastern tropical south Pacific (ETSP) exhibit elevated intra-seasonal, seasonal and inter-annual variability. Here, we discuss the impact of remotely forced and locally generated intra-seasonal variability of the eastern boundary circulation at 12°S. Data from a multi-cruise physical and biogeochemical measurement program conducted during the declining phase of the 2017 Coastal El Niño event between April and
June (austral autumn) are used.

Upper ocean temperatures were anomalously high and during the latter cruises the oxycline was displaced downward compared with previous observations in austral summer 2008/09 and 2012/13. We observed the offshore propagation of a freshly generated eddy and an associated phase of weak poleward flow. After the reestablishing of the poleward Peru-Chile Undercurrent (PCUC) the passage of a remotely-generated downwelling coastal trapped wave (CTW) causes an intensification of poleward velocities exceeding 50 cm s-1. Warm temperature anomalies persisted during the intensified PCUC while sea surface temperature anomalies declined after the peak of the Coastal El Niño event. During
the period of PCUC acceleration, nitrate concentrations increased while the nitrogen deficit became reduced. This suggests the advection of water less affected by anoxic biogeochemistry whereas during the period of weak poleward flow the water was biogeochemically altered more. The upper boundary of anoxic water was displaced downward increasing the depth range where bottom waters were ventilated
while nitrite was depleted concurrently.

We will analyze the different response of temperature, nutrients, and O2 to the varying circulation and discuss the implications for the biogeochemical element cycling in the water column and the sediments.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Keywords: Eastern Boundary Upwelling, Peru, Coastal-trapped wave, Peru-Chile-Undercurrent, Biogeochemistry
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754 > B6
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
OceanRep > SFB 754
Projects: SFB754
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 11:53
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 11:53

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