Global Distribution of Non-algal Particles From Ocean Color Data and Implications for Phytoplankton Biomass Detection

Bellacicco, M., Volpe, G., Briggs, N., Brando, V., Pitarch, J., Landolfi, Angela, Colella, S., Marullo, S. and Santoleri, R. (2018) Global Distribution of Non-algal Particles From Ocean Color Data and Implications for Phytoplankton Biomass Detection Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (15). pp. 7672-7682. DOI 10.1029/2018GL078185.

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Abstract

In the last few decades, phytoplankton biomass has been commonly studied from space. However, satellite analysis of non-algal particles (NAPs), including heterotrophic bacteria and viruses, is relatively recent. In this work, we estimate the backscattering coefficient associated with the NAP fraction that does not covary with chlorophyll based on satellite particulate backscattering coefficient and chlorophyll (bbpNAP). bbpNAP is computed at 100-km resolution using 19 years of monthly satellite data. We find clear differences in bbpNAP between northern and southern oceans. High bbpNAP values are found in the Arctic and Southern Oceans, the North Atlantic area influenced by the Gulf Stream current, as well as shelf regions (i.e., Patagonian shelf) affected by upwelling regimes. Low correlation between chlorophyll and backscattering prevents precise bbpNAP estimations in oligotrophic areas (e.g., subtropical gyres). These bbpNAP estimations lead to a reduction to half in satellite-based phytoplankton biomass estimates respect to previously published results.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: non‐algal particles; global ocean; ocean color; phytplankton
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
NOC
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2018GL078185
ISSN: 0094-8276
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2018 07:58
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2018 07:58
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/44326

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