226Raexcess/Ba growth rates and U-Th-Ra-Ba systematic of Baltic Mn/Fe crusts

Liebetrau, Volker, Eisenhauer, Anton, Gussone, Nikolaus, Wörner, G., Hansen, B. T. and Leipe, T. (2002) 226Raexcess/Ba growth rates and U-Th-Ra-Ba systematic of Baltic Mn/Fe crusts Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66 (1). pp. 73-83. DOI 10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00766-9.

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Abstract

We analyzed 238U, 234U, 232Th, 230Th, and 226Ra by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) and Ba by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) on eight Mn/Fe crusts from the Mecklenburg Bay (SW Baltic) and on one from the Bothnian Bay (N Baltic) to test the 226Raex/Ba ratio as potential geochronometer. 226Raex/Ba ratios decrease as a function of depth within the concretions in all analyzed profiles. Calculated diffusion coefficients are relatively low (∼9 · 10−7 cm2/yr for Ra and 5 · 10−7 cm2/yr for Ba) and suggest that diffusion is negligible for the Ra and Ba record. In addition, 226Raex/Ba ages are consistent and independent from the growth rate and growth direction within a crust. Thus, the decline in 226Raex/Ba ratio is most likely due to radioactive decay of 226Raex, although the influence of varying oxic conditions has still to be evaluated. 226Raex/Ba growth rates range from 0.021 to 0.0017 mm/yr and tend to be lower than those calculated and based on stratigraphic methods (1 to 0.013 mm/yr). 226Raex/Ba ages of concretions from shallow water environment (20 m depth, Mecklenburg Bay/SW Baltic) cover a time interval from 990 ± 140 yr to 4310 ± 310 yr BP corresponding to the stabilization of the sea level close to the present position about 5500 to 4500 yr ago. One sample from greater depth (70 m, Bothnian Bay-/N Baltic) showed a higher 226Raex/Ba age of 6460 ± 520 yr BP

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0016-7037(01)00766-9
ISSN: 0016-7037
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2008 19:07
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2017 11:56
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/4426

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