Variations in Denitrification and Ventilation Within the Arabian Sea Oxygen Minimum Zone During the Holocene

Kessarkar, Pratima M., Naqvi, S. W. A., Thamban, M., Fernandes, Lina L., Siebert, Christopher, Rao, V. Purnachandra, Kawahata, H., Ittekkot, V. and Frank, Martin (2018) Variations in Denitrification and Ventilation Within the Arabian Sea Oxygen Minimum Zone During the Holocene Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems . DOI 10.1029/2017GC007286.

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The continental slope of India is exposed to an intense perennial oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) supporting pelagic denitrification. Sediments that are presently in contact with the lower boundary of the denitrification zone indicate marked changes in the intermediate and bottom waters ventilation of OMZ during the past 9,500 years. The δ15N of sediment suggests that the OMZ waters were less ventilated during the early Holocene (between 9.5 and 8.5 ka BP) resulting in intensified denitrifying conditions with an average δ15N value of 7.8‰, while at the same time stable Mo isotope composition (average δ98Mo of -0.02‰) indicates that the bottom waters that were in contact with the sediments were better oxygenated. By the mid-Holocene OMZ became more oxygenated suppressing denitrification (average δ15N of 6.2‰), while bottom waters gradually became less oxygenated (average δ98Mo of 1.7‰). The mid-Holocene reduction in denitrification coincided with a global decrease in atmospheric N2O as inferred from ice core records, which is consistent with a decreased contribution from the Arabian Sea. Since ~5.5 ka BP OMZ waters have again been undergoing progressive deoxygenation accompanied by increasing denitrification.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Arabian Sea, Denitrification, Holocene, Mo isotopes, Oxygen minimum zone
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2017GC007286
ISSN: 1525-2027
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2018 13:38
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2018 13:38

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