Tissue composition of sponges from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica: not much meat on the bones

Barthel, Dagmar (1995) Tissue composition of sponges from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica: not much meat on the bones Marine Ecology Progress Series, 123 . pp. 149-153. DOI 10.3354/meps123149.

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Abstract

The tissue of 31 demosponge and 7 hexachnelhd species was analyzed for its composition of organic and lnorganic matter With one excephon (Hahclona cf gausaana) inorganic matter i e n~ostly the siliceous skeleton, accounted for most of the dry weight, varying between about 60 and 95%dry wt There were no general trends in the ratio of organic to inorganic matter within sponge orders or genera, and within one species, the ratio could vary between stations For one of the hexactinellids Bathydorus spmosus, several size classes were analyzed and there was no systematic change in the organic inorganic matter ratio w t h specimen size For some species the results from the Weddell Sea sponges are in good agreement with earlier data from McMurdo Sound The low organic matter content in Weddell Sea sponges mphes that sponge biomasses are much lower than hitherto assumed on the basis of then high abundances and large sizes In consequence Antarctic sponges despite their ubiquitousness, may only channel a m n o r fractlon of the general bentho-pelagic flow of matter and energy and their maln role in the ecosystem is likely structural rather than dynamic

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Sponges; Antarctica; Tissue composition; Demosponges; Hexactinellids; Inorganic skeleton
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3354/meps123149
ISSN: 0171-8630
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2018 07:30
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2018 07:30
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/43401

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