Humboldt penguins monitored via VHF telemetry

Culik, Boris M., Luna-Jorquera, Guillermo, Oyarzo, Hector and Correa, Hector (1998) Humboldt penguins monitored via VHF telemetry Marine Ecology Progress Series, 162 . pp. 279-286. DOI 10.3354/meps162279.

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VHF telemetry was used in November and December 1995 on 8 Humboldt penguins Spheniscus humboldti breeding at Pan de Azúcar Island (26°S, 70°W), Northern Chile, to determine at-sea behaviour of the birds. We obtained 2710 locations, 90% of which were within a radius of 20 km around the island. Mean travelling speed of the birds was 0.92 m s-1 and speed distribution showed peaks at 1.6 and 3 m s-1. Penguins travelling between foraging areas remained submerged for an average of 8.4 s between surfacings, whereas foraging dives lasted on average 61 s. The analysis of 79 complete foraging trips showed that tracks deviated from a straight course, and range (maximum distance from island) was only 0.37 times total horizontal distance swum. Birds did not forage synchronously or in the same foraging areas. However, foraging ranges were correlated between birds, indicating similar search strategies during periods of low food availability. The results obtained here via VHF telemetry agreed well with those of previous studies employing satellite transmitters and data loggers.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Behaviour; Foraging
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3354/meps162279
ISSN: 0171-8630
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 08:50
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 08:50

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