A comprehensive phylogeny of the Phaeophyceae based on nrDNA sequences resolves the earliest divergences

Rousseau, F., Burrowes, R., Peters, Akira F., Kuhlenkamp, R. and de Reviers, B. (2001) A comprehensive phylogeny of the Phaeophyceae based on nrDNA sequences resolves the earliest divergences Comptes Rendus de l Academie des Sciences - Series III - Sciences de la Vie, 324 (4). pp. 305-319. DOI 10.1016/S0764-4469(01)01306-3.

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The present study is the first comprehensive phylogeny of the class of the Phaeophyceae. For 67 species representing all orders of the class, the sequences of the 3’-end of the small and the 5ˈ-end of the large subunit nrRNA genes were aligned and analysed. A further analysis based on sequences of the 3’-end of the small and of the complete sequences of the 28S gene of the large subunits was also performed, but for only eight taxa. In both analyses, Tribonema marinum (Xanthophyceae) was used as outgroup. The analyses showed the Dictyotales as diverging first, followed by the Sphacelariales, then the Syringodermatales. Most of the orders currently accepted were confirmed as monophyletic groups but the Laminariales and Tilopteridales remained polyphyletic. The relationships of the remaining orders to each other were not resolved with the present data set. Ascoseira, included for the first time in a molecular study, appeared as a separate lineage without any clear relationship with other algae possessing conceptacles (Splachnidium and Fucales). Algae with stellate plastids, never studied in a global context, were polyphyletic; this result is consistent with their plastid ultrastructure and is discussed in detail. As further result of the present study, the South African genus Bifurcariopsis appeared as the sister taxon of the North Atlantic genus Himanthalia, and Xiphophora appeared as the sister taxon of Hormosira rather than as a member of the Fucaceae; the taxonomic position of these genera is discussed.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Ascoseira; Bachelotia; Bifurcariopsis; brown algae; combined SSU + LSU nrDNA sequence data; Phaeophyceae; phylogeny; Xiphophora
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0764-4469(01)01306-3
ISSN: 0764-4469
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 12:31
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/4298

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