Origin and age of submarine ferromanganese hardgrounds from the Marion Plateau, offshore northeast Australia

Heck, Philipp R., Frank, Martin, Anselmetti, Flavio S. and Kubik, Peter W. (2007) Origin and age of submarine ferromanganese hardgrounds from the Marion Plateau, offshore northeast Australia Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program: Scientific Results, 194 . pp. 1-22. DOI 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.194.008.2007.


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Be and Nd isotope compositions and metal concentrations (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) of surface and subsurface ferromanganese hardground crusts from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 194 Marion Plateau Sites 1194 and 1196 provide new insights into the crusts' genesis, growth rates, and ages. Metal compositions indicate that the hardgrounds, which have grown on erosional surfaces in water depths of <400 m because of strong bottom currents, are not pure hydrogenetic precipitates. Nevertheless, the ratios between cosmogenic 10Be and stable 9Be in hardgrounds from the present-day seafloor at Site 1196 between 1 x 10–7 and 1.5 x 10–7 are within the range of values expected for Pacific seawater, which shows that the hardgrounds recorded the isotope composition of ambient seawater. This is also confirmed by their Nd isotope composition (Nd between –3 and 0). The 10Be/9Be ratios in the up to 30-mm-thick and partly laminated hardgrounds do not show a decrease with depth, which suggests high growth rates on the present-day seafloor. The subsurface crust at Site 1194 (117 m below the seafloor) grew during a sedimentation hiatus, when bottom currents in the late Miocene prevented sediment accumulation on the carbonate platform during a sea level lowstand. The age of 8.65 ± 0.50 Ma for this crust obtained from 10Be-based dating agrees well with the combined seismostratigraphic and biostratigraphic evidence, which suggests an age for the hiatus between 7.7 and 11.8 Ma.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.194.008.2007
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 14:54
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/4223

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