Adaptive compression of large vectors

Börm, Steffen (2017) Adaptive compression of large vectors Mathematics of Computation, 87 (309). pp. 209-235. DOI 10.1090/mcom/3203.

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Numerical algorithms for elliptic partial differential equations frequently employ error estimators and adaptive mesh refinement strategies in order to reduce the computational cost.
We can extend these techniques to general vectors by splitting the vectors into a hierarchically organized partition of subsets and using appropriate bases to represent the corresponding parts of the vectors. This leads to the concept of \emph{hierarchical vectors}.
A hierarchical vector with m subsets and bases of rank k requires mk units of storage, and typical operations like the evaluation of norms and inner products or linear updates can be carried out in O(mk2) operations.
Using an auxiliary basis, the product of a hierarchical vector and an H2-matrix can also be computed in O(mk2) operations, and if the result admits an approximation with m˜ subsets in the original basis, this approximation can be obtained in O((m+m˜)k2) operations. Since it is possible to compute the corresponding approximation error exactly, sophisticated error control strategies can be used to ensure the optimal compression.
Possible applications of hierarchical vectors include the approximation of eigenvectors and the solution of time-dependent problems with moving local irregularities.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R11
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1090/mcom/3203
ISSN: 0025-5718
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2018 11:04
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2018 07:06

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