On the configuration-LP of the restricted assignment problem

Jansen, Klaus and Rohwedder, Lars (2017) On the configuration-LP of the restricted assignment problem [Paper] In: Twenty-Eighth Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms , January 16 - 19, 2017, Barcelona, Spain.

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Abstract

We consider the classical problem of Scheduling on Unrelated Machines. In this problem a set of jobs is to be distributed among a set of machines and the maximum load (makespan) is to be minimized. The processing time pij of a job j depends on the machine i it is assigned to. Lenstra, Shmoys and Tardos gave a polynomial time 2-approximation for this problem [8]. In this paper we focus on a prominent special case, the Restricted Assignment problem, in which pij ∈ {pj, ∞}. The configuration-LP is a linear programming relaxation for the Restricted Assignment problem. It was shown by Svensson that the multiplicative gap between integral and fractional solution, the integrality gap, is at most 2 − 1/17 ≈ 1.9412 [11]. In this paper we significantly simplify his proof and achieve a bound of 2 − 1/6 ≈ 1.8333. As a direct consequence this provides a polynomial (2 − 1/6 + ϵ)-estimation algorithm for the Restricted Assignment problem by approximating the configuration-LP. The best lower bound known for the integrality gap is 1.5 and no estimation algorithm with a guarantee better than 1.5 exists unless P = NP.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 10:59
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 10:59
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/40883

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