Seismicity in the vicinity of the Tristan da Cunha hotspot: Particular plate tectonics and mantle plume presence

Schlömer, Antje, Geissler, Wolfram H., Jokat, Wilfried and Jegen, Marion (2017) Seismicity in the vicinity of the Tristan da Cunha hotspot: Particular plate tectonics and mantle plume presence Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122 (12). pp. 10427-10439. DOI 10.1002/2017JB015017.

[img] Text (Accepted manuscript)
Schl-mer_et_al-2017-Journal_of_Geophysical_Research__Solid_Earth.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Registered users only until 14 June 2018.

Download (1899Kb) | Contact
[img] Text
Schloemer_et_al-2017-Journal_of_Geophysical_Research__Solid_Earth.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only until 30 June 2018.

Download (6Mb) | Contact

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Earthquake locations along the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge have large uncertainties due to
the sparse distribution of permanent seismological stations in and around the South Atlantic
Ocean. Most of the earthquakes are associated with plate tectonic processes related to the
formation of new oceanic lithosphere, as they are located close to the ridge axis or in the
immediate vicinity of transform faults. A local seismological network of ocean-bottom
seismometers and land stations on and around the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha, allowed
for the first time a local earthquake survey for one year. We relate intra-plate seismicity
within the African oceanic plate segment north of the island partly to extensional stresses
induced by a bordering large transform fault and to the existence of the Tristan mantle plume.
The temporal propagation of earthquakes within the segment reflects the prevailing stress
field. The strong extensional stresses in addition with the plume weaken the lithosphere and
might hint at an incipient ridge jump. An apparently aseismic zone coincides with the
proposed location of the Tristan conduit in the upper mantle southwest of the islands. The
margins of this zone describe the transition between the ductile and the surrounding brittle
regime. Moreover, we observe seismicity close to the islands of Tristan da Cunha and nearby
seamounts, which we relate to ongoing tectono-magmatic activity.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The data used for this study are archived at Alfred Wegener Institute (www.awi.de) and can be requested from Wolfram.Geissler@awi.de.
Keywords: Local seismicity; Tristan da Cunha hotspot; Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Plate tectonics
Research affiliation: MARUM
AWI
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2017JB015017
ISSN: 0148-0227
Projects: SAMPLE (SPP 1375)
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2017 11:10
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 08:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/40734

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...