ILDR1 is important for paracellular water transport and urine concentration mechanism

Gong, Y., Himmerkus, N., Sunq, A., Milatz, S., Merkel, C., Bleich, M. and Hou, J. (2017) ILDR1 is important for paracellular water transport and urine concentration mechanism Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114 (20). pp. 5271-5276. DOI 10.1073/pnas.1701006114.

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Supplementary data:


Whether the tight junction is permeable to water remains highly controversial. Here, we provide evidence that the tricellular tight junction is important for paracellular water permeation and that Ig-like domain containing receptor 1 (ILDR1) regulates its permeability. In the mouse kidney, ILDR1 is localized to tricellular tight junctions of the distal tubules. Genetic knockout of Ildr1 in the mouse kidney causes polyuria and polydipsia due to renal concentrating defects. Microperfusion of live renal distal tubules reveals that they are impermeable to water in normal animals but become highly permeable to water in Ildr1 knockout animals whereas paracellular ionic permeabilities in the Ildr1 knockout mouse renal tubules are not affected. Vasopressin cannot correct paracellular water loss in Ildr1 knockout animals despite normal effects on the transcellular aquaporin-2-dependent pathway. In cultured renal epithelial cells normally lacking the expression of Ildr1, overexpression of Ildr1 significantly reduces the paracellular water permeability. Together, our study provides a mechanism of how cells transport water and shows how such a mechanism may be exploited as a therapeutic approach to maintain water homeostasis

Document Type: Article
Keywords: diabetes insipidus; diuresis; nephrology; tight junction; water channel
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1073/pnas.1701006114
ISSN: 0027-8424
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2017 11:36
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:49

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