Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh

Gain, Animesh Kumar, Giupponi, C. and Renaud, F. G. (2012) Climate Change Adaptation and Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in Developing Countries: A Generalized Framework and a Feasibility Study in Bangladesh Water, 4 (4). pp. 345-366. DOI 10.3390/w4020345.

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Abstract

Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences the Earth’s ecosystems and therefore people’s livelihoods and wellbeing. Besides climatic change, current demographic trends, economic development and related land use changes have direct impact on increasing demand for freshwater resources. Taken together, the net effect of these supply and demand changes is affecting the vulnerability of water resources. The concept of ‘vulnerability’ is not straightforward as there is no universally accepted approach for assessing vulnerability. In this study, we review the evolution of approaches to vulnerability assessment related to water resources. From the current practices, we identify research gaps, and approaches to overcome these gaps a generalized assessment framework is developed. A feasibility study is then presented in the context of the Lower Brahmaputra River Basin (LBRB). The results of the feasibility study identify the current main constraints (e.g., lack of institutional coordination) and opportunities (e.g., adaptation) of LBRB. The results of this study can be helpful for innovative research and management initiatives and the described framework can be widely used as a guideline for the vulnerability assessment of water resources systems, particularly in developing countries.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: vulnerability; water resources; climate change; decision-making; adaptation; lower Brahmaputra river basin
Research affiliation: UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3390/w4020345
ISSN: 2073-4441
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2017 09:59
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2018 13:21
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/39727

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