Sea ice dynamics in the Weddell Sea simulated with an optimized model

Harder, Markus and Fischer, Holger (1999) Sea ice dynamics in the Weddell Sea simulated with an optimized model Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 104 (C5). pp. 11151-11162. DOI 10.1029/1999JC900047.

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Abstract

The advection of sea ice and associated freshwater/salt fluxes in the Weddell Sea in 1986 and 1987 are investigated with a large‐scale dynamic‐thermodynamic sea ice model. The model is validated and optimized by comparison of simulated sea ice trajectories with observed drift paths of six buoys deployed on the Weddell Sea ice. The skill of the model is quantified by an error function that measures the deviations of simulated trajectories from observed 30‐day sea ice drift. A large number of sensitivity studies show how simulated sea ice transports and associated freshwater/salt fluxes respond to variations in physical parameterizations. The model reproduces the observed ice drift well, provided ice dynamics parameters are set to appropriate values. Optimized values for the drag coefficients and for the ice strength parameter are determined by applying the error function to various sensitivity studies with different parameters. The optimized model yields a mean northward sea ice volume export out of the southern Weddell Sea of 1693 km3 in 1986 and 2339 km3 in 1987. This shows the important role of sea ice transport for the freshwater budget of the Weddell Sea and gives an indication of its high interannual variability.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/1999JC900047
ISSN: 2169-9275
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2018 11:03
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/3915

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