Determination of oxidative stress in wheat leaves as influenced by boron toxicity and NaCl stress

Masood, Sajid, Saleh, Livia, Witzel, Katja, Plieth, Christoph and Mühling, Karl H. (2012) Determination of oxidative stress in wheat leaves as influenced by boron toxicity and NaCl stress Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 56 . pp. 56-61. DOI 10.1016/j.plaphy.2012.04.011.

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Boron (B) toxicity symptoms are visible in the form of necrotic spots and may worsen the oxidative stress caused by salinity. Hence, the interactive effects of combined salinity and B toxicity stress on antioxidative activities (TAC, LUPO, SOSA, CAT, and GR) were investigated by novel luminescence assays and standard photometric procedures. Wheat plants grown under hydroponic conditions were treated with 2.5 μM H3BO3 (control), 75 mM NaCl, 200 μM H3BO3, or 75 mM NaCl + 200 μM H3BO3, and analysed 6 weeks after germination. Shoot fresh weight (FW), shoot dry weight (DW), and relative water content (RWC) were significantly reduced, whereas the antioxidative activity of all enzymes was increased under salinity compared with the control. High B application led to necrotic leaf spots but did not influence growth parameters. Following NaCl + B treatment, shoot DW, RWC, SOSA, GR, and CAT activities remained the same compared with NaCl alone, whereas the TAC and LUPO activities were increased under the combined stress compared with NaCl alone. However, shoot FW was significantly reduced under NaCl + B compared with NaCl alone, as an additive effect of combined stress. Thus, we found an adjustment of antioxidative enzyme activity to the interactive effects of NaCl and high B. The stress factor “salt” mainly produced more oxidative stress than that of the factor “high B”. Furthermore, addition of higher B in the presence of NaCl increases TAC and LUPO demonstrating that increased LUPO activity is an important physiological response in wheat plants against multiple stresses.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2012.04.011
ISSN: 09819428
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 08:36
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2017 08:36

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