Science vs. Sports: Motivation and Self-concepts of Participants in Different School Competitions

Höffler, Tim Niclas, Bonin, Victoria and Parchmann, Ilka (2016) Science vs. Sports: Motivation and Self-concepts of Participants in Different School Competitions International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education . DOI 10.1007/s10763-016-9717-y.

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Abstract

Competitions are discussed as a measure to foster students’ interest, especially for highly gifted and talented students. In the current study, participants of a cognitive school competition in science were compared to non-participants of the same age group (14–15) who either did not participate in any competition or who participated in a non-cognitive sports competition. The study focused on goal orientations and competence beliefs and analyzed outcomes as a foundation for further improvements of enrichment measures and competitions with regard to fostering students’ interest especially in science. The results showed considerable differences (and some unexpected similarities) between groups: Science competition participants were more learning goal oriented, had less performance avoidance goals, and showed less work avoidance than non-participants. Social self-concept was higher but was moderated by GPA. Considerable gender differences were found as well. These findings are discussed with regard to further research and possibilities for improvement of science competitions.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s10763-016-9717-y
ISSN: 1571-0068
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 18 May 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/38016

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