What are the type, direction, and strength of species, community, and ecosystem responses to warming in aquatic mesocosm studies and their dependency on experimental characteristics? A systematic review protocol

Guy-Haim, Tamar, Alexander, Harriet, Bell, Tom W., Bier, Raven L., Bortolotti, Lauren E., Briseño-Avena, Christian, Dong, Xiaoli, Flanagan, Alison M., Grosse, Julia, Grossmann, Lars, Hasnain, Sarah, Hovel, Rachel, Johnston, Cora A., Miller, Dan R., Muscarella, Mario, Noto, Akana E., Reisinger, Alexander J., Smith, Heidi J. and Stamieszkin, Karen (2017) What are the type, direction, and strength of species, community, and ecosystem responses to warming in aquatic mesocosm studies and their dependency on experimental characteristics? A systematic review protocol Environmental Evidence, 6 (1). DOI 10.1186/s13750-017-0084-0.

[img]
Preview
Text
art_10.1186_s13750-017-0084-0.pdf - Published Version
Available under License ["licenses_description_cc_by_4.0" not defined].

Download (614Kb) | Preview

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Background

Mesocosm experiments have become increasingly popular in climate change research as they bridge the gap between small-scale, less realistic, microcosm experiments, and large-scale, more complex, natural systems. Characteristics of aquatic mesocosm designs (e.g., mesocosm volume, study duration, and replication) vary widely, potentially affecting the magnitude and direction of effect sizes measured in experiments. In this global systematic review we aim to identify the type, direction and strength of climate warming effects on aquatic species, communities and ecosystems in mesocosm experiments. Furthermore, we will investigate the context-dependency of the observed effects on several a priori determined effect moderators (ecological and methodological). Our conclusions will provide recommendations for aquatic scientists designing mesocosm experiments, as well as guidelines for interpretation of experimental results by scientists, policy-makers and the general public.
Methods

We will conduct a systematic search using multiple online databases to gather evidence from the scientific literature on the effects of warming experimentally tested in aquatic mesocosms. Data from relevant studies will be extracted and used in a random effects meta-analysis to estimate the overall effect sizes of warming experiments on species performance, biodiversity and ecosystem functions. Experimental characteristics (e.g., mesocosm size and shape, replication-level, experimental duration and design, biogeographic region, community type, crossed manipulation) will be further analysed using subgroup analyses.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding This systematic review protocol originated from discussions that took place at the Ecological Dissertations in Aquatic Sciences (EcoDAS) XII Symposium in October 2016, which was hosted by the Center for Microbial Oceanography (C-MORE) and the University of Hawaii. Funding for EcoDAS XII was provided by the NSF biological oceanography program (Award OCE-1356192) and the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO).
Keywords: Climate change, Global warming, Mesocosm, Microcosm, Aquatic, Marine, Estuarine, Freshwater, Experimental
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1186/s13750-017-0084-0
ISSN: 2047-2382
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2017 12:39
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/37974

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...