Growth and survival of the winged oyster Pteria colymbus in suspended culture: influence of environmental factors associated to upwelling periods

Freites, L., Rojas, M., Dale, Andrew W., Márquez, A., Revilla, J., Troccoli, L. and Lodeiros, C. (2017) Growth and survival of the winged oyster Pteria colymbus in suspended culture: influence of environmental factors associated to upwelling periods Aquaculture International, 25 (4). pp. 1653-1666. DOI 10.1007/s10499-017-0141-2.

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Abstract

The present study examines the influence that environmental variables exerted on changes in condition index (CI), shell height (SH—dorsal-ventral axis) and soft tissue mass increments (STM) of the winged oyster Pteria colymbus in suspended culture during periods of upwelling (December to April) and non-upwelling (August to November) in the Cariaco Gulf, northeastern Venezuela. Environmental variables recorded between April 2012 and May 2013 included seston, water transparency, temperature, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a (Chl a) and the upwelling index (UI). Individuals were cultivated in lantern nets with an overall density of 56 individuals/0.123 m2. From three randomly chosen baskets, five individuals were sampled each month and changes in CI, STM and SH were related to the environmental variables using Spearman correlation and PCA. Results show that during upwelling, both Chl a and UI presented a positive and significant relationship with the oyster condition and growth parameters. During non-upwelling (low UI), this relationship was inverse, demonstrating the important influence of upwelling and non-upwelling periods on the ecophysiology of the species. Furthermore, it was shown that the non-upwelling, characterized by high temperatures and low food availability, is a critical period for P. colymbus, judging by a decrease in growth and survival rate. Nonetheless, this species reached 50 mm in 5 months, a size considered as commercially viable, suggesting that the study area is favourable to the cultivation of the winged oyster despite a dramatic decrease in upwelling intensity in the last decade.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Condition index; Growth; Pearl oyster; Suspended culture; Upwelling period
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s10499-017-0141-2
ISSN: 0967-6120
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 09:03
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2017 08:51
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/37700

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