First description of small proteins encoded by spRNAs in Methanosarcina mazei strain Gö1

Prasse, Daniela, Thomsen, Jens, De Santis, Rebecca, Muntel, Jan, Becher, Dörte and Schmitz-Streit, Ruth (2015) First description of small proteins encoded by spRNAs in Methanosarcina mazei strain Gö1 Biochimie, 117 . pp. 138-148. DOI 10.1016/j.biochi.2015.04.007.

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Abstract

In Methanosarcina mazei several small RNAs have been identified containing a small putative open reading frame (sORF) and thus classified as spRNAs. Here, we report on the first detection of three small proteins in M. mazei encoded by spRNAs using LC–MS/MS analysis of total protein extracts of cells grown under various stress conditions. Each spRNA shows high conservation in Methanosarcina species with regard to the sORF and the flanking non-coding RNA regions, moreover the predicted RNA structures are as well highly conserved. Characterizing the respective transcript levels in response to several stress conditions by northern blots demonstrated an enormous decrease of spRNA36 and spRNA44 during stationary growth (to less than 5%), and a significant increase of spRNA36 (2.5-fold) in response to nitrogen limitation. spRNA41, however, was only detected by RNA-Seq approaches. Quantification of the small proteins by LC–MS/MS using synthetic stable isotope labeled oligopeptides as standards indicated that the concentration of oligopetide36 and 41 in mid exponential phase is induced under nitrogen limitation, which in case of oligopeptide36 is in accordance with its transcript level. The relative amount of the three oligopeptides did not change upon entering stationary growth phase, even though the transcript levels decreased dramatically. Additional production of the oligopeptides in M. mazei did not result in any evident phenotype under standard or nitrogen limiting growth conditions. However, overall the transcript levels of several genes involved in carbon metabolism or in heat shock response were reduced 2–3 fold due to the overproduction, though no sORF specific change was observed. Based on our findings we hypothesize that oligopeptide36 might have a regulatory function in nitrogen metabolism by modulating the activity of a yet unknown target protein involved in the central nitrogen metabolism.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R08
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.biochi.2015.04.007
ISSN: 03009084
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2017 13:20
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2019 10:16
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36949

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