Enhanced ethanol vapour sensing performances of copper oxide nanocrystals with mixed phases

Lupan, O., Cretu, V., Postica, V., Ababii, N., Polonskyi, O., Kaidas, V., Schut, F., Mishra, Y. K., Monaico, E., Tiginyanu, I., Sontea, V., Strunskus, T., Faupel, F. and Adelung, Rainer (2016) Enhanced ethanol vapour sensing performances of copper oxide nanocrystals with mixed phases Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, 224 . pp. 434-448. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2015.10.042.

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Copper oxide nanostructures are fascinating nanomaterials due to their remarkable electrical, optical, thermal, and sensing properties given that their tunability and the stabilization of specific phases are uniquely possible at the nanoscale dimensions. The present study reports on nano-crystalline copper oxide thin films via a simple synthesis from chemical solutions (SCS) followed by two types of thermal annealing, namely rapid thermal annealing (RTA) and conventional thermal annealing (TA). We report on the enhanced ethanol sensing performances of the device structures based on synthesized copper oxide Cu2O with one and two distinctly different phases, namely Cu2O, CuO, as well as mixed phases CuO/Cu2O. A gradient in phase change of nano-crystals was observed for annealed samples starting from CuO on the top to Cu2O in their central region. RTA effects on the gas response of the CuxOy, nano-crystals have been identified as unprecedented selectivity and sensitivity to ethanol vapours at different temperatures. An increase in resistance value of about one order in magnitude was detected for samples treated by conventional-TA at 400 degrees C for 30 min at optimal operating temperature of 300 degrees C and RTA at 525 degrees C for 60s at lower optimal operating temperature of 275 degrees C. It has been observed that the response and recovery times for pure copper oxide-based sensors can be significantly improved by Zn-doping, e.g. from similar to 4.1 s and similar to 10.5 s to about 3.3 s and 7.2 s, respectively. The obtained results were discussed in details and it provide an exciting alternative for fast, sensitive, and selective detection of trace gases, which could be of several benefits in the technologies dealing with public securities and environmental monitoring applications. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 21 Lupan, Oleg Cretu, Vasilii Postica, Vasile Ababii, Nicolai Polonskyi, Oleksandr Kaidas, Victor Schut, Fabian Mishra, Yogendra K. Monaico, Eduard Tiginyanu, Ion Sontea, Victor Strunskus, Thomas Faupel, Franz Adelung, Rainer
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2015.10.042
ISSN: 0925-4005
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 09:21
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2018 10:33
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36198

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