Dissolution kinetics of selected natural minerals relevant to potential CO2-injection sites - Part 2: Dissolution and alteration of carbonates and feldspars in CO2-bearing brines

Holzheid, Astrid (2016) Dissolution kinetics of selected natural minerals relevant to potential CO2-injection sites - Part 2: Dissolution and alteration of carbonates and feldspars in CO2-bearing brines Chemie Der Erde-Geochemistry, 76 (4). pp. 643-657. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemer.2016.09.008.

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Abstract

Chemical interaction processes among injected CO2, saline fluids and potential reservoir materials are experimentally simulated to derive dissolution rates of natural materials (minerals) that can be used as input parameters for modeling of CO2 storage in deep saline formations and risk analyses. In order to study dissolution processes, mineral aliquots were exposed to CO2-bearing brines at elevated temperature (60, 100, 150 degrees C) and pressure (85 bar) and at various run durations. Several potential reservoir rocks include carbonates as cement. Calcite and dolomite grains were therefore mainly used as solid starting material. Experiments with the two feldspar varieties alkali feldspar and almost pure anorthite were performed in addition. Grain sizes of the mineral starting materials varied between <63 mu m and 500 mu m with most experiments performed at grain size fractions of 160 - 250 mu m and 250 - 500 mu m. All experiments run with a complex synthetic brine (total dissolved solids: similar to 156 g/l) according to a natural upper cretaceous formation water. Dry ice was used as CO2-source. All experiments were done in closed batch reactors. These reactors allow mimicking reservoir conditions far from the injection site as well as reservoir conditions after finishing the CO2 injection. The concentration changes during the experiment were monitored by ICP-OES measurements of the initial and the post-run fluids. Dissolution rates were derived based on the concentration changes of the brine. Most of the studied experimental variables and parameters (temperature, run duration, grain size, brine composition - expressed as pH-value and ionic strength) impact alteration of the reacting agents, i.e. they change the chemical composition of the brine, change the surfaces of the mineral aliquots exposed to the CO2-bearing brine, and induce formation of secondary minerals. Hence, all influencing parameters on dissolution processes have to be considered and time-resolved changes of the dissolution behavior have to be implemented in numerical simulations of processes at CO2 injection sites and CO2 storage reservoirs. (C) 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 1 Holzheid, Astrid
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemer.2016.09.008
ISSN: 0009-2819
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 08:28
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:42
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/36142

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